With so many different lenses to choose from, which one is right for you? From standard lenses to telephoto lenses and everything in between, there is such a large assortment- and each has its specialty.
Wide angle lenses are among the most interesting of the variety, as these lenses do something the human eye can’t- capture an entire scene in one go! However, wide angle lenses do have their specific uses and don’t work for everything. Here is our guide to wide angle lenses and when to use them!
What is a Wide Angle Lens?
The name gives the lens away- it’s a lens with a wider field of view than normal lenses. Angle of view is how much or how little you can see in your picture, and with wide angle lenses, you see a lot of the frame (more than the human eye can naturally!).
Wide angle lenses are divided into two categories: Ultra Wide Angle and Wide Angle.
Ultra wide angle lenses require the glass to be curved in order to capture such a wide view and as a result can cause a fishbowl effect when photographing something too close to the glass. Some love this look and have come to make the fisheye lens popular! Ultra wide angle lenses range in focal length from 10mm to 24mm.
Wide angle lenses are not quite as wide as the ultra wides, but are still quite wide. Why these lenses may be favored over the ultras is due to their more reduced distortion- the glass isn’t as curved! Wide angle lenses range in focal length from 24mm to 35mm.
The Advantages of a Wide Angle Lens
The primary advantage of a wide angle lens is its wide point of view. You can capture the full scope of what you see, even further than the human eye! This is fantastic for a variety of photo shoots.
Wide angle lenses tend to be quite sharp from edge-to-edge, which means your subject will be equally sharp in the corner of the picture as it is in the middle.
Due to its specific build, wide angle lenses also have a close focusing distance. What this means is that the subject can come very close to the glass and still be in focus! This is very useful when you want to take advantage of the curved glass or have limited space to work in.
The Disadvantages of a Wide Angle Lens
Due to the curved glass needed to achieve such a wide field of view, living subjects tend to be distorted when photographed with wide angle lenses. This is especially true of subjects that are getting close to the lens itself. This can be used for a positive benefit, but for the most part, this is seen as a negative.
Another downside is finding a filter for the lens itself. Generally, you want to purchase a filter (a pane of glass that attaches to the front of the lens) in order to protect your lens. Filters absorb shock if your lens falls to the ground (and it’s always better to replace a $10 filter than a $1,000 lens!) and protect the permanent glass from dust, scratches, and other blemishes. Unfortunately, due to the extreme curve in many wide angle lenses, finding a filter can be impossible or quite difficult.
When are Wide Angle Lenses Best Used?
Wide angle lenses have specific kinds of uses, so trying to adapt your wide angle to something outside of its niches isn’t really practical. But in these uses, wide angle lenses absolutely excel!
When one thinks of a wide angle lens and its use, most turn to landscape photography. This is the most widely recognized purpose of such a lens, as you’re able to capture an almost panoramic scene in one click! Glass distortion doesn’t really matter here.
Much of the world’s most impressive architecture is quite grand in scale, and the only method of displaying its magnitude is to get the whole piece in frame! This is where the wide angle lenses excel.
However, architecture photographers do have to account for potential distortion due to the glass curve, so oftentimes they will step a bit further back to capture architectural sights.
Right after landscapes comes real estate on the popularity poll for wide angle lens use. Wide angle lenses are able to capture an entire room in one frame, showing the gravity or sharp design of the space.
Wide angle lenses also make small rooms appear large! Though this is sometimes used for a nefarious reason, that is why wide angle lenses are widely chosen for this particular field.
As much as the distortion is cited as a negative, it can produce some really fun and cool images when done right. The key is for the subject to still have a flatter-style distortion.
For example, the Japanese brand ‘THE DOG and Friends’ became famous for photographs of animals with bobble-head appearances, created with an ultra wide angle lens.
A good use of funky wide angle lenses with people is to have your subject lean into the camera lens and stretch their arms out towards the camera.
Large Gathering of Subjects
If you photograph families, a reunion shoot isn’t an uncommon request. Some families have a lot of members in them, as many as 20 or more! A wide angle lens is usually a good bet on making sure that everyone ends up in the frame and no one gets left out.
Although glass does distort, you can limit this by shooting further away from your subject.
In conclusion, it’s a good idea to have a wide angle lens in your kit! But if finances are tight, it may not be something worth investing in unless your photography falls into one of the aforementioned niches.